The central function of museums is to collect and preserve. In the 21st century, thanks to technological advancements, the meaning of the term 'collection' has expanded. Besides the safeguarding of real objects, the safeguarding of digital objects has come to play an important role in the preservation and communication of our cultural heritage. The Neanderthal Museum recognised this very early on. The museum's mission statement from 1996 listed the development of a digital database of Neanderthal cultural heritage as one of its central tasks. As a result, the museum cares for various forms of collections today.